Regulation of glucose homeostasis by the kidney is impaired in persons with type 2 diabetes. Find out what you know, and what you don't, about this renal dysfunction and the role of SGLT2 inhibition in reducing hyperglycemia.
The "inverted champagne bottle" appearance of the distal leg is a specific finding associated with this condition. Lipodermatosclerosis usually occurs in patients with long-standing venous insufficiency.
The patient, an active 49-year-old man, had an HbA1c of 8.6 after diabetes was first diagnosed. It’s now 7.6 with metformin and lifestyle measures. Is the current A1c goal adequate, or should you treat more aggressively?