These temporary splints are associated with special complications related to both the action or condition of the patient and the nature of the splint itself. At our orthopaedic clinic, we commonly see patients who have been referred from the emergency department in a temporary splint after a minor ankle sprain or a fracture of the lateral malleolus. If the patient allows the foot to hang in a nonfunctional position without weight bearing, the injured ankle may swell like a sausage. This patient's ankle was splinted in a severe equinus after a minor ankle sprain (A). After the splint was removed 3 days after injury, extensive swelling from the dependent position of the foot became evident (B). To avoid such problems, immobilization with an air splint is preferred for most acute or subacute sprains and nondisplaced fractures of the ankle (C).