Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome is seen in some HIV-infected patients soon after initiation of antiretroviral therapy. The syndrome can "unmask" dormant opportunistic infections or aggravate existing infections.
Long-term highly-active antiretroviral therapy can be associated with disturbing morphologic and metabolic changes. Nevaripine is added to three HAART regimens in this study to evaluate any mitigating effects.
Mental illness is a risk factor for HIV infection. It brings a number of behavioral correlates that put patients at risk for getting infected. As HIV infection worsens, it begins to affect the brain, and cyclical relationship between the disease and mental illness begins.
What are some of the more common side effects of antiretroviral therapy, and what can the primary care physician do to help manage these effects? In this podcast, infectious disease expert Rodger MacArthur, MD, offers insights and points readers to updated comprehensive guidelines.