Previous studies have established that early treatment of HIV dramatically reduces the odds of spreading the infection to a sexual partner. The START trial provides evidence that early therapy benefits a patient's own health.
Screening for tobacco use and strategies for quitting are important considerations for patients with HIV, since infected adults are more likely to smoke -- and less likely to quit -- than those who are uninfected.
Mental illness is a risk factor for HIV infection. It brings a number of behavioral correlates that put patients at risk for getting infected. As HIV infection worsens, it begins to affect the brain, and cyclical relationship between the disease and mental illness begins.