Mental illness is a risk factor for HIV infection. It brings a number of behavioral correlates that put patients at risk for getting infected. As HIV infection worsens, it begins to affect the brain, and cyclical relationship between the disease and mental illness begins.
When is it time to refer your patient with low back pain to a specialist for possible spine surgery? How long should you give conservative measures a try? What symptoms signal the need for urgent care? In this video, Raymond Haroun, MD addresses these and other pressing questions.